Tsar Ivan Vasilevich Grozny (1530-84) is gravely misunderstood in the West. His sobriquet does not mean “Terrible” in the modern sense (although it fits the Elizabethan usage perfectly), a better translation would be Ivan the Formidable. He became the first “tsar” (“Caesar”) in 1547, and the state he ruled was not called Muscovy (despite contemporary Polish and modern “Ukrainian” propaganda to the contrary), rather, it was called the Tsardom of Rus (Tsartvo Russkoye), as it ruled all of the Russian lands free of foreign domination. He expanded the Russian state to the east, conquering Kazan and Astrakhan, and the expansion into Siberia began in his reign. He was a man of both good and evil qualities, intermixed thoroughly. I think that those who push for his canonisation are misguided (at best), but, we should not be repeating the hateful Polish propaganda about him either. After all, the Poles were almost always at war with Ivan, and one mustn’t forget their misrule and oppression of the Orthodox people of Little Russia and Byelorussia. Caveat auditor. Both the Poles of Ivan’s time and of today have an axe to grind. Russia defeated their plot to destroy the Russian nationality and ram Catholicism down our throats. That has to be taken into account. It is why Zbigniew Brzeziński hates Russia so fiercely (and misleads President-elect Obama). Be careful.